If there is a mismatch between how you see yourself e.
Therefore, there is an intimate relationship between self-image, ego-ideal and self-esteem. Humanistic psychologists study this using the Q-Sort Method. This is called incongruence.
Rarely, if ever does a total state of congruence exist; all people experience a certain amount of incongruence. The development of congruence is dependent on unconditional positive regard.
Describe how self-evaluation maintenance theory helps to explain how we react The self has meaning only within the social context, and it is not wrong to say. The Social Self is a multifaceted analysis of the self concept based on the social nature of the self. The emphasis is on self-esteem along with self-centrality.
Michael Argyle says there are four major factors which influence its development: The ways in which others particularly significant others react to us. How we think we compare to others Our social roles The extent to which we identify with other people. Argyle, M. Social encounters: Contributions to social interaction.
Aldine Transaction. Baumeister, R.
The self in social psychology. Kuhn, M. Self-attitudes by age, sex and professional training. Sociological Quarterly , 1, Lewis, M.
Self-knowledge and social development in early life. Pervin Ed. New York: Guilford. Miller, D. Self-serving biases in the attribution of causality: Fact or fiction? Psychological Bulletin, 82, — Morse, S.
Social comparison, self-consistency and the concept of self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 16, Rogers, C. A theory of therapy, personality and interpersonal relationships as developed in the client-centered framework. In contrast to previous work on self-development, which has focused primarily on the development of the personal self, this volume makes a case for the importance of the study of the social self - that is, the self as defined through group memberships, such as gender, ethnicity, and nationality.
A broad range of identity-related issues are addressed, such as ingroup identification, conceptions of social identities, prejudice, and the central role of social context. Based on contributions from leading researchers in Europe, Australia and the US, the book summarises the major research programmes conducted to date.
Furthermore, the closing chapters provide commentary on this research, as well as mapping out key directions for future research. With a unique focus encompassing both social and developmental psychology, The Development of the Social Self will appeal to a broad spectrum of students and researchers in both disciplines, as well as those working in related areas such as sociology and child development. Search all titles. Search all titles Search all collections. Your Account Logout.
The Development of the Social Self. Edition 1st Edition. First Published Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. The self has a significant interpersonal component, and indeed a principal function of the self is to enable the person to maintain interpersonal relationships.
The need to belong is a fundamental motivation that shapes the self.
Rejection and social exclusion elicit destructive consequences. Cultural and historical variations in selfhood are also discussed. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.
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Table of contents Preface ix. Deaux, K. Weinreich applies the identity variant in a framework which also allows for the transition from one to another by way of biographical experiences and resolution of conflicted identifications situated in various contexts — for example, an adolescent going through family break-up may be in one state, whereas later in a stable marriage with a secure professional role may be in another. The research on upward social comparisons to similar others would suggest the latter, and this has been demonstrated empirically. Social is one of those things that make us click.