Spike and chain: Japanese fighting arts

Flail weapons
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The chigriki was a staff with a weighted chain on the end. The manriki-gusari was a double weighted chain.

Spike and Chain Japanese Fighting Arts

The kusarigama is said to have developed during the Muromachi period. Methods of use Attacking with the weapon usually entailed swinging the weighted chain in a large circle over one's head, and then whipping it forward to entangle an opponent's spear, sword, or other weapon, or immobilizing his arms or legs.

This allows the kusarigama user to easily rush forward and strike with the sickle. Also, the weapon is said to have the highest mortality rate of any and all weapons of its time. Legality In the Republic of Ireland, the kusar. Spiked versions of long-handled peasant flails. From Paulus Hector Mair's combat manual Arte De Athletica A flail is a weapon consisting of a striking head attached to a handle by a flexible rope, strap, or chain.

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The chief tactical virtue of the flail was its capacity to strike around a defender's shield or parry. Its chief liability was a lack of precision and the difficulty of using it in close combat, or closely ranked formations. There are two broad types of flail: a long, two-handed infantry weapon with a cylindrical head, and a shorter weapon with a round metal striking head. The longer cylindrical-headed flail is a hand weapon derived from the agricultural tool of the same name, commonly used in threshing.

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It was primarily considered a peasant's weapon, and while not common, they were deployed in Germany and Central Europe in the later Late Middle Ages. It consists of a solid or hollow wood sometimes bamboo or iron staff with an iron weight and chain on the end, sometimes retractable. The chigiriki is a more aggressive variation of the parrying weapon kusarigama.

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It can be used to strike or entangle the opponent as well as to parry his blows and to capture or incapacitate an opponents weapon. The iron weight could have spikes and its shape could be round or be multi sided. Its origin is not clearly known.


Hachido teaches moralistic social interaction, stressing bushido-damashi warrior spirit as well as reiho manners. I was surprised and said that "The reason I didn't teach you was not because you are an American Soldier. Combines good defensive combat techniques with the maximum possible offensive techniques. The Assassins favor no stance for fighting as they typically attack from ambush or when disguised. Aikikai Aikido is one of the more defensive arts, but with more balance than standard Aikido.

Chigiriki belong to the furi-zue family of weapons brandishing-sticks [3] which was any type of stick or staff with a chain attached and it is also one of the shinobi zue weapons ninja staffs and canes , shinobi zue were often hollow and had multiple uses such as hiding other weapons such as shuriken or as a blow gun or a breathing tube. The tabak-toyok sometimes colloquially referred to as chako is a Filipino flail weapon consisting of a pair of sticks connected by a chain.

It is closely related to the Okinawan nunchaku, the primary difference being that the Filipino version tends to have shorter handles and a longer chain than its Okinawan counterpart, making it better suited for long range. Each handle is approximately eight inches long. Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about manrikigusari. On a recent trip to Japan, the author succeeded in finding only two, one very old, the other of more recent vintage. During the past 40 years Mr. Yumio Nawa has found Charles V. Gruzanski, One day, after he had been ordered to guard a gate of Edo castle, he was puzzled by the problem of how to defend the gate in the event of trouble.

If he was Serge Mol, The greater portion of the book is devoted to the art of using the " manrikigusari.

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The manrikigusari is a length of chain, usually about 2 feet. Originally used to disarm attackers, it became effective at blocking, parrying, and attacking as well. The manrikigusari became very popular Jim Ollhoff, The language barrier was the reason and both of us had to work very hard in order to understand one another. So, later it was agreed that Gruzanski would return to Japan several times after the first two years. However, I made a promise to him that if he returned to Japan it would be completed.

Later, Gruzanski sent me pictures of his students training in Manriki Kusari and Gruzanski teaching students "Jumonji Gurami" of Kusarijutsu. These pictures were included in the book "Kakushibuki Hyakka" in the year Showa 52 by Nawa Yumio. The Dojo in Chicago grew and it must have attracted many people because it was the first place in the U. I was a little perplexed at the offer. This assured that the secrets stayed safe and kept them from being stolen by outside people. In the two years that I taught Gruzanski, I had noticed that the original Masaki Ryu Chain was too small and some of the waza did not work very well for most Americans who were taller, had longer arms, legs and bigger hands.


I emphasized this point and told him that if he wanted to publish a book that he should make it an as an introduction and to focus on the kata suitable for the bigger Americans. During the meeting between Gruzanski and the publishing company, the publishers asked him to keep the book very simple, written in an easy to understand manner in plain English while keeping it interesting for the readers. With this, Gruzanski spent many sleepless nights writing, pondering and practicing the techniques he was to include in the book. I came to know this because one day I received a letter in the mail addressed from his newlywed wife Miss Teruko.

In the letter she said " I don't know whether it worked or not. Anyway, the one year that Gruzanski toiled writing was very fruitful and "Spike and Chain" was published as a beautiful book released from Tuttle in Tokyo. The book has pictures and diagrams of the history of Kusari Jutsu and practical kata and in a form that is easy for the American public to understand. On the cover there is a picture of me with Manriki Kusari with my student with a wooden sword.

To this day, whenever I hold this book in my hand, I think of Gruzanski writing all night. In my imagination, he is always young, handsome, beautiful and strong, forever. When was running out of tobacco, Gruzanski would always send me some from the USA. Spike and Chain sold very well and I told him that he should stop sending me money and to keep it for himself. However, Gruzanski would not listen and he continued to send me money up until the time of his death. The gentleman I called Gruzanski passed away from cancer at age 37, when he was still very young.

Along with the death of a personal friend, Masaki Ryu has also lost a precious person. He was an invaluable man to us and he disappeared like a shooting star. I still think of him often, and he is still living with me in spirit.

  • Meaning of "manrikigusari" in the English dictionary!
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We have abolished the Soke system in Masaki Ryu because of extenuating circumstances; therefore it had decided several years ago to continue on with a Shihan system. This now means that each Shihan will succeed the Ryu individually. Everything seems to have happened as though Gruzanski had planned it and led it himself. My prayers go out to Gruzanski in heaven. Here is the follow up article printed in the February issue of Hiden. Headmaster Yumio Nawa dedicated an article to me in the February magazine Hiden.

I have attached an English translation of the Japanese article done my good friend Atsuko Jones. Nawa Yumio meets Robert Gruzanski. Martial arts unites two over country and generation. Charles's will',. Who could tell this encounter will be crucial to foster this old valuable art?

Synonyms and antonyms of manrikigusari in the English dictionary of synonyms

Late Charles Gruzanski's will and sincerity sent his son to Japan. It doesn't matter where or when they were born. What strongly connects people is- indeed, a martial art. After a little pose, they hugged. That was a moment when Masaki-Ryu chain art united them over country and generation. Master Nawa started talking when he saw his beloved disciple in a photo handed to him by Mr.

Gruzanski was tall, yet flexible.